Include the following information for each biome: General location, Climate(Rainfall and Temperature), Types of Plants(example: low growing shubs such as, or grasses such as), and animals include a little about thier niches. Also, include a plausable food web for the biome, be sure to include the trophic levels such as producers, primary consumers, secondary consumers and tertiary cosumers. Next, review your text about your biomes and make sure that your have included terminology from the book--this is an important step because it will be on your test. For example, the book discusses epiphytes and canopy in the tropical rain forest section. These should be included on your section of the page. Finally, include many pictures for your fellow students. Thanks and have fun!


Temperate Deciduous Forest

Temperate Deciduous Forest

By: Casidy Cook and Paxton Stephens

General Location- Eastern parts of United States and Canada; most of Europe; parts of China and Japan.

Climate-average temperature: 75ºF (24ºC);

- average rainfall: 30-60 inches per year.

Plant Adaptions-

- Large broad-leaved deciduous leaves.

- Lichen, moss, ferns, wildflowers and other small plants can be found on the forest floor. Shrubs fill in the middle level and hardwood trees like maple, oak, birch, magnolia, sweet gum and beech make up the third level.

Animal Adaptions-

- Animals must adapt to warmer winters and longer summers. They must also be able to withstand large amounts of precipitation.

- Insects, turtles, slugs, frogs, spiders and salamanders are common. Birds like broad-winged hawks, cardinals, snowy owls, woodpeckers are also found in temperate deciduous forests. Mammals include white-tailed deer, raccoons, possums, porcupines and red foxes.

Plausible Food Web-

deciduous.gif

Producers- grasses, shrubs, wildflowers, huckleberries, and herbs.

Primary Consumers- mosquitoes, voles, chipmunk, squirrels and seed-eating birds

Secondary Consumers- Woodpeckers, deer, frogs, snakes, raccoons, and fish.

Tertiary Consumers- wolves, bears, cougars, owls, bald-eagles and hawks

Terminology-

- Temperate Deciduous Forests- forests that are composed mainly of trees that lose their leaves in the fall and regrow them in the spring.

Pictures-

raccoon.jpgsnowy_trees.jpgleaves.jpgmap_of_biomes.jpgchipmunk.jpgwolf.jpg


Desert

Donovan Price and Shelby Drew
Deserts
biomes.gif



General location: Deserts can be found throughout the world but some of the bigger deserts are in Africa and Australia.
Climate: The desert has a dry tropical climate and receives less than 1

0 inches of rain per year. The average temperature for a cold desert ranges from -2 to 4°C. The average temperature for a hot desert ranges from 45 to 113°C.
Plant adaptations:
  • Xerophytes: plants that altered their physical structure in order to conserve and store water; they often have few leaves.
  • Phreatophytes: adapted to have extremely long roots
    Plants:
  • Barrel Cactus
  • Joshua Tree
  • Jumping Cholla
    Animals:
  • Zebra: Provides food for animals such as Lions
  • Dingo: Carnivores that each several different animals to keep the population down
  • Prairie Dog: Vegetarian and get most of their water from the food they eat
Desert Food Web
desert_food_web.jpg

Tertitary Comsumer: Hawk and fox
Secondary Consumer: Snakes, lizards, scorpions, and tarantulas
Primary Consumers: Insects, lizards, and rats
Producers: Cacti, creosote bushes, thorn acacias, annual flowers, rabbit brush, ocotillo, and sage brush

Prairie Dog Pictures: Barrel Cactus
prarie_dog.jpg

barrel_cactus.jpg
dingo.jpg
Dingo
Temperate Rain Forest



Savannas
Rhett & T.J.

Savannah_Map.gif

Rainfall: During raining season (May – November) 15 to 25 in. of rain. During the dry season (October – May) 4 in.
Temperature: Winter – 68° to 78° F. Summer – 78° to 86° F.
Animal Adaptions: Some animals are grazers, some are browsers, and some do a little of both. Some animals migrate when it gets too hot or too cold for them, and others burrow in the ground. Some animals have tough cheek teeth so they can stand their diets, many animals cannot eat tough grasses like the animals of the African Savanna. Some animals have developed speed for hunting such as cheetahs others such as giraffes have developed long legs to become too high for a cheetah or other predators to get to.
Plant Adaptions: Many plants have developed long taproots to reach down to water. Some kinds of trees have thick fire resistant bark and trunks that can store water.
Food Web: savannah_foodweb72.jpg

Pictures:









Taiga
HALIE MORGAN AND CHANCE HARBOUR

Temperature-
  • Winter's LOWEST temperature in taiga is -65°F. Winter's HIGHEST temperature is 30° F. Summer's LOWEST temperature is 30° F. Summer's HIGHEST temperature is 70° F.


Taiga-
Animals in the Taiga-
  • American Black bear Climate- very cold
  • Bald Eagle
  • Bobcat
  • Canadian Lynx
  • Grey Wolf
  • Long Eared Eagle
  • Red Fox
  • River Otter


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTLaDyLUEw7S9J0vzHw7sL0ydWMKg_VoGZuQJ5mQwm44DfE0S7gFQ

Plants in the taiga-Balsam Fir
  • Jack Pine
  • White bir
  • Paper Birch
  • Douglas Fir


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ2C2RsekBWe9o2eM-LwUzzCMbee_m1fkQ5hMIvfV8g2DWMYzZOLg


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTC6uD6yMcb2oVs9_IRoSTYmX0b8vVvTpGAur_sYdjD87dkbUWtbQ




Tropical Rain Forest




Chapparral




Temperate Grasslands
Temperate Grasslands:
Jordan Clark, Nick Cordista, Abby Novak

world_grasslands_map.jpg

General location: mainly found outside tropics and in moist areas
Climate: Rainfall – 10- 30 inches ;Temperature – about 64 degrees F
Types of Plants and Animals: Plants – Buffalo grass, Sunflowers, Clover, Wild indigos ; Animals – Bison, American antelope, wolves, bears
external image animals-eat-plants-temperate-grasslands-1.1-800x800.jpg
Adaptations: roots survive extreme temperatures, trees have thick bark to resist fire, grasses extend deep into the ground to absorb moisture, grasses leaves loose less water than normal
Food Web:

external image Temperate%20grassland%20food%20diagram.jpg

Temperate grasslands are usually located inland/ mid-continent. Most are at the same latitude as temperate deciduous forest. These areas are too dry and don't receive enough rain to support trees, but have very fertile soil. Grasslands are grazed by mammals, and sometimes even used to grow crops such as wheat and corn.

Tundra[

Tropical Rainforests By: Lindsey Detweiler and Sydney Clanton

The tropical rainforest biome has a very wet and warm climate. They are generally located in the tropics (band around the equator). The average temperature year round is above 18 °C and the average amount of rainfall is 2,000 mm and result in poor soil. The plant and animal life varies greatly. Animals such as monkeys, great apes, birds, and sloths are found here. There is more than 1,600 plant species found in tropical rainforests. In tropical rainforests you will find canopies and epiphytes. A canopy is made when the treetops form a thick layer that blocks the sunlight and shades the forest floor. An epiphyte is a small plant that grows on the tall branches of the trees to get sunlight because it is so hard for some plants to get sunlight.

primary producer- anything that provides energy through photosynthesis (Examples: range from small herbs all the way to the tall evergreen trees)

primary consumers- depend on the primary producers for there energy (example: grasshoppers, beetles, slugs, squirrels, cows, and more)

secondary consumers- eat the autotrophs as well as the primary consumers for energy (examples: frogs, toads, sparrows, and woodpeckers)

tertiary consumers- the carnivores who feed on the secondary consumers (examples: hawks, jackals, lions, leopard, and tigers)

detritivores- feed on the dead and decayed plants and organisms (examples: fungi and microorganisms like bacteria and viruses)
external image Food_Web.gif
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ6-DPUEObw6UTBa9NDxyvPFDIFCnjxlya18BF_R5DiN2szcZAI9KDVGrakYQ








Max Baker & Jaci Russell.


  • Climate-200 to 400 centimetres of rain( appr. 6 to 12 feet) annually.
-temperature-39 degrees Fahrenheit to 54 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • Plant and Animal Adaptations- epiphytes live on top of other organisms to get sunlight. ex) mosses and ferns.
-the temperatures are very cool so dead
organisms decompose slowly. Seedlings grow on top of dead organisms. due to so much rain trees grow very tall.


  • Types of Plants and Animals- Douglas fir, western red cedar, western hemlock, mosses, lichens, slugs, bears, wolves, etc.

  • Primary Consumers- small mammals,insects,deer, elk and birds
  • Producers-mosses, fi rs, shrubs, cedars, hemlocks and other conifers and understory trees.
  • Secondary Consumers- shrews, amphibians, weasels, racoons, insects and birds of prey.
  • Tertiary Consum ers- wolves, lynxes, bears and cougars.
    index.jpg


  • Trees- Temperate rainforests consist mostly of coniferous trees. These types of trees bear their seeds in cones and are usually evergreen.

  • Epiphytes- small plants that live on branches due to competition for sunlight.





images.jpg





Halle DiazMatthew TuckerAustin MataTundra
General Location: Between the North Pole and Taiga
Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the north pole and extending south to the coniferous forests of the taiga. Alpine tundra is located on mountains throughout the world at high altitude where trees cannot grow.
Climate:Temperature is generally -26 degrees Celsius to 12 degrees Celsius. Rainfall is less than 25 cm a year.
The average winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is 3-12° C (37-54° F) which enables this biome to sustain life.


Plants and Animals: Animals - ducks, geese, waterfowl, predatory birds, arctic hares, arctic foxes, polar bears, penguin Plants- various grasses, mosses, lichens, shrubs, Antarctic Pearlwort, Antarctic Hair Grass
Artic Tundra Herbivorous mammals: lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares and squirrels, Carnivorous mammals: arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears, Migratory birds: ravens, snow buntings, falcons, loons, sandpipers, terns, snow birds, and various species of gulls, Insects: mosquitoes, flies, moths, grasshoppers, blackflies and arctic bumble bees, and Fish: cod, flatfish, salmon, and trout:
Alpine Tundra:
Mammals: pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk, Birds: grouselike birds, Insects: springtails, beetles, grasshoppers, butterflies!



Possible Food Webs: Lemmings (primary consumers) eat grasses (primary producers), Snowy Owls (small predators) eats Lemmings, Snowy Owls die, bacteria (primary producers) eats corpse of Owl.





biology_3.jpg





biology.gif


biology_2.gif




























external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ2C2RsekBWe9o2eM-LwUzzCMbee_m1fkQ5hMIvfV8g2DWMYzZOLg